What was Mahatma Gandhi’s contribution to the demand?
The situation worsened over the years forcing Mahatma Gandhi to give a stirring call for universal education in 1937. His plea for adequate finances for universal education was met with a response that if at all, the way out was to utilize revenues from liquor sales. That meant he had to either give up his stand on prohibition, or his plea for universal education with state support, which he expressed quite plainly: “the cruelest irony of the new reforms lies in the fact that we are left with nothing but liquor revenue to fall back upon in order to give our children education (Harijan 5, 222). He solved what he called the ‘Educational Puzzle’ by proposing self-funded education, in what came to be known nai talim later.