The Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act, 2009 is a legislation passed by the Indian Parliament that has come into effect from 1st April, 2010. It is based on the 86th amendment in the Constitution through which an Article 21 (A) was inserted after Article 21 of the Constitution. Article 21 (A) states that “The State shall provide free and compulsory education to all children of the age group of six to fourteen years in such manner as the State may, by law, determine”. The RCFCE Act, 2009 is that law. It ensures all children of India, in the age group of 6 to 14 years, a fundamental right to free and compulsory elementary education.
As per the Article 254 of the Constitution, all the existing State Acts on Education have been superseded by the Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act, 2009. Amendments to the RCFCE Act, 2009 would require presidential assent.