‘Neighbourhood school’ means the nearest primary/upper primary school within walking distance from the child’s residence.
The neighbourhood school concept relates to availability of a school within safe and accessible distance from the habitation where a child lives. The Act defines the limits of neighbourhood schools as 1 km walking distance from the habitation of a child at the primary level (class 1 to 5) and within 3km walking distance for upper primary level (class 6 to 8).
However, under the Kerala Rules, in places with difficult terrain, risk of landslides, floods etc., small hamlets or habitations where no school exists, this limit may be reduced and the state will make adequate arrangements for providing elementary education.
The Government has to ensure availability of neighbourhood school for all children within 3 years of the implementation of the Act.